Water Situation in Turkey

Turkey is not rich in water resources and it is expected to be among the water-stressed countries as of 2030. Most of the territory of Turkey is situated in a semi-arid region where precipitation is limited to five to six months per year although some areas, like the coastal areas off the Black Sea, receive enough precipitation. Turkey is aware that the efficient management of water resources, and especially the water quality, is of great importance. Water quality is affected by the increasing population, agricultural activities, rapid urbanization, and the existing and future water needs in line with the developments on the global and regional levels. The deterioration of water quality can affect ecology and all other water users like drinking water, agriculture, industry and tourism.

River Basin Management

Both the European Union and Turkey adopt the basin scale management approach for water resources. Basin scale management, which is the basic principle of EU Water Framework Directive, enables the protection and the sustainable use of water resources.

River Basin Management Plans (RBMPs)

In the latest years Turkey has taken major steps in the management of its river basins and River Basin Protection Action Plans have been successfully completed. These plans are now to be converted into EU compliant River Basin Management Plans. For this purpose, the Technical Assistance Project for the Conversion of River Basin Acton Plans into River Basin Management Plans has been initiated. The beneficiary of the project is the Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs. The project will be executed by a consortium of three Spanish companies and one Turkish company.

This consortium will draft EU compliant river basin management plans for Susurluk, Konya, Büyük Menderes and Meriç-Ergene basins. The consortium will provide a road map by which Turkey can achieve the so-called ‘good water status’ for all the surface and groundwater bodies in those four basins. The river basin management plans will be ready by the end of 2017.

The Consortium of Companies from Europe and Turkey

The Consortium of TRAGSATEC, INITEC INFRAESTRUCTURAS and SU-YAPI (led by Tragsatec) covers all the requirements to produce river basin management plans. All members of the consortium have the needed experience and background to accomplish the assignment successfully. The consortium will be supported by a wide range of Turkish and Spanish academicians and companies.

Period and Place of the Project

The project has started in December 2014 and is scheduled to end in December 2017. The project will be executed in Ankara and in the provinces of the basins.


This Publication has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the Consortium led by Tragsatec and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.